About Caldas da Rainha - Portugal

Caldas da Rainha, nestled on the beautiful Silver Coast of Portugal, is a city with a captivating blend of history, culture, and natural beauty. From its origins as a thermal spa town to its vibrant arts scene, Caldas da Rainha offers a unique and enchanting experience. Let’s delve into a detailed and distinctive description of this remarkable city, covering its history, attractions, events, population, and other intriguing aspects.


Caldas da Rainha owes its existence to Queen Leonor, the beloved queen of King João II. Legend has it that in the 15th century, while visiting the region, she discovered the healing properties of the local thermal springs. In gratitude for their therapeutic benefits, she ordered the construction of a hospital and a spa complex. This marked the birth of Caldas da Rainha, which translates to “Queen’s Baths.” The city has since grown and evolved, but it proudly retains its historical ties to the royal legacy.


Parque D. Carlos I: Nestled in the heart of the city, Parque D. Carlos I is a tranquil oasis of lush greenery and serene lakes. Named after King Carlos I, it offers a peaceful retreat for locals and visitors alike. Take a leisurely stroll through its well-manicured gardens, admire the magnificent trees, or enjoy a picnic by the lake.
Thermal Hospital: The original thermal hospital, dating back to the 15th century, is a captivating architectural gem. Although it is no longer in operation, its façade, adorned with intricate tiles, serves as a reminder of the city’s thermal heritage.
Bordallo Pinheiro Museum: Caldas da Rainha is renowned for its ceramic tradition, and the Bordallo Pinheiro Museum celebrates this artistic heritage. Explore the fascinating works of Raphael Bordallo Pinheiro, a visionary ceramic artist known for his whimsical and imaginative pieces.
Praça da Fruta: Every day, including Sundays, the vibrant Praça da Fruta (Fruit Square) comes alive with a colorful and bustling market. It offers an array of fresh produce, regional delicacies, flowers, and handicrafts. Immerse yourself in the lively atmosphere and indulge in the local flavors.


Festival Internacional de Marionetas e Formas Animadas: Caldas da Rainha hosts the International Puppet and Animated Forms Festival, a captivating event that showcases the art of puppetry and animation. Puppeteers from around the world gather to present mesmerizing performances, creating a magical experience for all ages.
Feira da Cerâmica das Caldas da Rainha: The Ceramics Fair of Caldas da Rainha celebrates the city’s renowned ceramic heritage. This annual fair brings together talented ceramic artists, showcasing their unique creations, from traditional to contemporary designs. It’s a perfect opportunity to admire and purchase authentic local ceramics.


Caldas da Rainha has a population of approximately 52,000 people, creating a lively and welcoming community. The city’s population continues to grow as it attracts both residents, expats and visitors seeking its charm and attractions.

Other Points of Interest:

Museu José Malhoa: Located in the stunning Parque D. Carlos I, the José Malhoa Museum houses an impressive collection of Portuguese art. Admire works by renowned artists such as José Malhoa, Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro, and António Carneiro, among others.
Foz do Arelho: Just a short distance from Caldas da Rainha lies Foz do Arelho, a picturesque coastal village. Its stunning lagoon and beautiful sandy beach attract nature lovers and beach enthusiasts. Enjoy water sports, explore the scenic trails, or simply unwind in this idyllic seaside setting.

Caldas da Rainha, with its thermal history, artistic heritage, lively events, and warm community, invites you to discover its hidden treasures and experience its unique charm on the Silver Coast of Portugal.

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